Getting Your Dog Grounded (Don’t)

People have speculated that one reason some dogs are afraid of thunderstorms is that they can sense the buildup of static electricity. That may or may not be true, but some quite unsafe conclusions have been drawn from that idea.

The theory that static electricity is part of what bothers storm-phobic dogs has been investigated in one study that I know of by Nicole Cottam and Nicholas Dodman 1)Cottam, Nicole, and Nicholas H. Dodman. “Comparison of the effectiveness of a purported anti-static cape (the Storm Defender®) vs. a placebo cape in the treatment of canine thunderstorm phobia as assessed by owners’ reports.” Applied Animal Behaviour Science 119.1 (2009): 78-84.. The response of dogs wearing an antistatic cape called the Storm Defender® was compared to that of dogs wearing a cape without the anti-static material.

No significant difference was found between the responses of the dogs to the antistatic cape and the plain cape. This is only one study and we can’t say that the lack of evidence  “disproves” the static electricity theory–either that dogs are bothered by it during storms or that such a cape can ameliorate it. But there was a chance of showing evidence to support those things, and that evidence didn’t show up.

Going to Ground

Whether or not dogs respond in a special way to static electricity, the discussion about it often triggers a common assumption that might put dogs in danger.

It’s frequently pointed out that many dogs hide in the bathroom next to plumbing. Some people claim that this is because the plumbing can be made of metal and connected to ground. The idea is that being close to a path to ground has some kind of soothing effect. 2)I had a talk with my “science advisor” about the claims about being grounded and we agree that there are big problems with this idea from a basic physics standpoint. But I’m saving that topic for a subsequent post.

I don’t know whether dogs who hide in bathrooms are “seeking ground” or just finding an enclosed, dark place to hide. But being next to metal plumbing or any path to ground is not a good place to be when lightning is nearby.

Here is an excerpt from the U.S. Government instructions for safety during lightning:

Avoid contact with corded phones and devices including those plugged into electric for recharging.  Cordless and wireless phones not connected to wall outlets are OK to use.

Avoid contact with electrical equipment or cords. Unplug appliances and other electrical items such as computers and turn off air conditioners. Power surges from lightning can cause serious damage.

Avoid contact with plumbing. Do not wash your hands, do not take a shower, do not wash dishes, and do not do laundry. Plumbing and bathroom fixtures can conduct electricity.

Stay away from windows and doors, and stay off porches.

Do not lie on concrete floors and do not lean against concrete walls.

 

Bathtub_pipes_in_ceiling

Copper pipes in the ceiling for a cast-iron second-floor bathtub –Wikimedia Commons

Thinking it Through

We want to be the farthest possible away from where lightning may strike and from the most direct paths to ground. Most people know that you shouldn’t take cover under a tree during a lightning storm. Lightning often will strike at the highest place in an area, and being right next to or touching a tree that gets struck means you will probably take some of the punch. You can think of it that way in your house. Places where electricity is likely to travel–walls with lots of electrical wiring or iron rebar, devices that are connected to that wiring (like corded phones), and places with metal plumbing fixtures possibly attached to metal pipes–are like the tree. They are places to avoid, not seek out.

Making Choices

The risk of being struck by lightning is so low that it is a metaphor for an extremely uncommon occurrence. But given a choice, I generally won’t hang out in the bathroom during thunderstorms, nor would I allow my dogs to do so. Take a look again at those copper pipes and the metal tub in the photo above.

But there’s one exception. I live in an area where there are tornados, and the one room in my house that has no exterior walls (said to be safest during high winds) is a bathroom. So during an active tornado warning for my area, the dogs and I troop to the bathroom. Since tornadic storms also usually have thunder and lightning, in that particular situation we are trading one risk for another. But I’m working on getting a better tornado shelter.

Some structures may have lightning protection systems in place. Some homes have most of their plumbing made from PVC, which certainly doesn’t conduct like copper. How about your house? Can you figure where the safest place is?

Regarding comments: Please note that this blog is not about whether or not dogs have special senses about static electricity or about why individual dogs might react certain ways during storms. Because of time constraints on my part, I am asking people to refrain from sending comments with anecdotes about dogs and storms. Let’s stick to storm safety and save the other topics for future posts.

Other Resources

The following links are from sources I find reputable. The articles are not peer-reviewed research, but the advice to stay away from plumbing is standard and backed by science. You can find accounts of indoor lightning strikes in medical literature if you care to search.

Copyright 2016 Eileen Anderson

Thanks to Ingrid Bock for bringing this issue to my attention, and to my “science advisor” for letting me run this article by her.

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Notes   [ + ]

1.Cottam, Nicole, and Nicholas H. Dodman. “Comparison of the effectiveness of a purported anti-static cape (the Storm Defender®) vs. a placebo cape in the treatment of canine thunderstorm phobia as assessed by owners’ reports.” Applied Animal Behaviour Science 119.1 (2009): 78-84.
2.I had a talk with my “science advisor” about the claims about being grounded and we agree that there are big problems with this idea from a basic physics standpoint. But I’m saving that topic for a subsequent post.
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12 Responses to Getting Your Dog Grounded (Don’t)

  1. OlRedHair says:

    I am interested in following this conversation. We were part of Nicole Cottam’s study.

  2. On safety, I’ll note that the corroded copper plumbing you show is far more dangerous than clean copper, and can actually explode with a lighting strike. The same is partly true of any corroded metal that is grounded, but water pipes are more significant as it’s the steam which causes the explosion. And, while the cooper pipes, metal fixtures and such are grounded, there remains a danger from what is called Ground Potential Rise (explained in your IEEE reference).

    Some of the advice does go to extremes, such as corded phones (higher path resistance), although wall outlet connections can be dangerous. Concrete floors refers to bare concrete, and is not a significant issue in the many slab homes where the floor has a covering, if dry.

    As for dogs (and cats) hiding in bathrooms, I instead set up a very nice hidey-hole in a closet, and they all took that one instead.

    • Eileen Anderson says:

      I had a lightning strike near (VERY near) my home a few years back. The circuit board for my furnace, which was in the crawlspace, got fried, likely from ground potential rise. The rest of my house above ground was fine; the power didn’t even go out.

  3. B. Wood says:

    I opt for using my dining room table (pulled away from the overhead lighting) and away from the walls) to make a tent for my pups. It requires just a few blankets and you can crawl in with them if additional comfort is needed. All things considered it is the best alternative I can come up with given all the concerns and the layout of my home. I do of course turn off and unplug especially in a severe storm. Safety is important, thanks for the reminder and great advice.

  4. nina'smum says:

    Good advice. I take no special precautions during a thunderstorm beyond the ones above–unplug, stay away from plumbing, & Velco Nina into her Thundershirt. The tornado warnings are more of a problem, since the basement is unfinished concrete & full of piping; even the old well pump is still there. It is a lesser-risk scenario. The dogs are afraid of the basement, but I assume they are picking up my obvious fear, since my memories of the 1965 Palm Sunday tornadoes have not faded much. We go down anyway.

    • Eileen Anderson says:

      Agree; I’ve never been in a tornado but even the warnings are scary! It’s a bunch of hard choices. Stay safe!

  5. I hadn’t heard about the “grounding” as function of hiding from thunder or loud noise. I have a 17 year old male lab mix, who was very frightened of thunder, he was also sensitive to loud booming sounds, thunder, fireworks, those crazy sub woofer stereo systems. Once storm hit, or firework, he would seek us out, pant heavily, tremble, hide in small windowless spaces, such as laundry room, closets or attempt to fit his 90lb frame in your lap. Not bathroom or plumbing. Our method was to wrap him in blanket tightly and hold him. The fear was significant when young, then leveled out to moderate, till past few years, now he shows no signs of fear from thunder, no panting, no trembling, zip. There have been some huge thunder claps that previous would have sent him running. He still seeks us out and sits close, but otherwise shows no outward display. He has been showing signs of cognitive decline, so I wondered if he just wasn’t “hearing” thunder, but he surely could feel it? It’s not hearing loss, the old man can hear a cheese wrapper from 50 yards…

    • Eileen Anderson says:

      Some of what the dogs are sensing is still a mystery, isn’t it? Dogs actually can’t hear in as low a range as we can, but I bet they can feel some of those rumbles. Interesting thought. I’m glad your fellow’s fear has abated with age!

  6. lbradblog says:

    My last dog was afraid of thunder and one of us would have to take him to the basement to sleep with him. Odd that it was only thunder during the night while we were trying to sleep but not if we were still awake. I tried to sleep next to him on the floor in our bedroom (it didn’t work). That was when I realized I could feel the floor vibrating from the thunder and wondered if that was what bothered him. Maybe not, since after he became deaf, the thunder no longer bothered him.

    • Eileen Anderson says:

      Interesting thought about the floor. I bet it didn’t help as part of the whole picture. I’m glad your dog’s thunder fear went away. My little rat terrier Cricket was also afraid of thunder, and also lost the fear when she lost her hearing.

  7. Pingback: Fireworks and dogs – the definitive guide to prevent, reduce and eliminate fear – Illis ABC

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